Learning use of controls, instrument interpretation, use of outside reference, trimming aircraft, methods to overcome tenseness and overcontrolling. Lessons are conducted using Integrated Flight Instruction: both with reference to instruments and outside references, right from the start.
Straight-and-level flight, level turns, straight climbs and climbing turns, straight descents and descending turns
Airworthy aircraft. PTS. Visual aids (Jeppesen Commercial pp. 14-22, 14-23).
Ground: 15 minutes
Instructor demonstration: 5 minutes
Student practice: 30 minutes
Post-flight feedback: 5 minutes
Preflight: (see lesson plan) motivate, explain, list common errors, discuss.
In flight: Demonstrate when necessary, but most of these fundamental maneuvers should be achievable simply through coaching. Teach and encourage student.
Postflight: Give feedback and suggestions.
Preflight: Attend to explanation, answer questions
In flight: Try out the controls, and relax as much as possible
Postflight: Ask questions.
Shows control of the aircraft during fundamental maneuvers: can hold altitude and heading in straight-and-level, can make a coordinated turn to a heading, uses power control for climb and descent (more right rudder), shows understanding of the operation of the yoke and rudder pedals.
Review: Flight controls and control surfaces.
Objective: Learning use of controls, instrument interpretation, use of outside reference, trimming aircraft, methods to overcome tenseness and overcontrolling, and gaining understanding of the fundamental control of the aircraft for straight-and-level, turning, climbing, and descending. Using "Integrated Flight Instruction": both by reference to instruments and outside reference, right from the start.
Materials: Model airplane
INTRODUCTION: Attention/motivation: (1 minute)
There are four basic things that a plane can do: what are they? I'll give you a hint. One of them is "climb." Today we're going to get into the basics of all four.
DEVELOPMENT: Overview and explanation: (10 minutes)
This lesson will cover four areas: straight-and-level flight, turning, climbing, and descending. Climbing and descending will also be done while turning. All of these skills involve the same elements:
1. Use of the flight controls (yoke and rudder)
2. Power control
4. Interpretation of outside references, as well as instruments, for pitch, bank, and power
5. Overcoming tenseness and overcontrolling: Breathe. Relax. Put your shoulders down. Smile. Look outside. Enjoy the fact that you're flying. Take in the view. Anxiety is normal, so don't worry about that, either.
Terminology: "Back pressure" and "forward pressure" on the yoke. Names of the flight instruments. "Yaw," "roll," "pitch."
Common errors: (2 minutes)
Overcontrolling. (Make small adjustments. It's like learning to walk, or stand up: eventually you make little corrections all the time, rather than big adjustments occasionally.)
Pushing the rudder pedals the wrong way. (I did that, too. THE WORLD ACCORDING TO BYRON: "It don't work like your Flexible Flyer, now, does it?")
Tensing up. It's normal, so nothing to worry about.
Oral evaluation/quiz and discussion questions:
Q: (Don't ask this question except if it's necessary in the plane, or as a post-flight question.) What kinds of things do you (the student) do when you feel tense, to loosen up?
Q: What happens when you apply back pressure to the yoke? When you push it forward? When you turn it one way or the other?
Q: What happens when you push on the right rudder. On the left?
Q: If you want to climb, you'll need some extra power. Where does it come from?